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2018中考英语二轮复习第9讲阅读理解专题

时间:2018-07-16 14:58:44    浏览数:

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课 件

阅读理解
【知识点睛】
一、命题特点
体裁上来看:涉及记叙文、夹叙夹议文、议论文、说明文和应用文;题材内容涉及英语国家文化的多个领域,并逐步增加广告、海报、图画、表格等实用文体。
题型上来看:着重考查学生对整篇文章的把握,侧重考查学生根据语境进行语篇分析和综合利用有效信息解决实际问题的能力。
阅读量上看:逐年增加。
难度上来看:增加了难度,超过了大纲规定的3%的生词率。
二、阅读题型
1._________________:考查学生直接从原文中获取正确信息的能力。这类题目可以分为直接事实题和间接事实题。
2._________________:猜测生词词义、短语和句子意思以及确定代词指代目标的能力。
3._________________:要求读者通过文章所提供的已知信息推测未直接表明的信息。
4._________________:要求读者在阅读和理解全文的基础上对文章作出归纳、概括或评价。
三、做题步骤
1. 速读文章抓大意
2. 带题读文作标记
3. 检查题目不留疑
四、阅读禁忌
禁止“指读,声读,译读,精读”
禁止“题目卷面清洁,什么标记都没有”


【试题1】【2015河南中考A篇】
A
A doctor entered the hospital hurriedly after being called in for an important surgery (外科手术).
He found the boy’s father in the hall , the father cried out, “Why did you take all this time to come? Don’t you knoy son is in danger? Don’t you have any sense of duty?”
The doctor smiled and said, “I am sorry. I e as fast as I could after receiving the call and no doy do right no doiled again and replied, “We e hours after e minutes so that I can ask about my son’s state?” shouted the father inutes after the doctor left.
The nurse ansing do for your son’s surgery. And no
D. the surgery took a long time
( )48. Who told the truth to the father in the end?
A. The doctor. B. The nurse. C. His son. D. A patient.
( )49. Hoight the father feel after he knee an
C. Practice makes perfect
D. Think before you decide

一、细节理解题
A
Luca Gramberini has been scuba diving since he ily opany. For the past three summers, Luca has added gardening to his undero’s Garden, a project to gro May through September, Luca and other divers are o’s Garden in the Mediterranean Sea, 150 feet from the coast of Noli, Italy. Five large balloon-like objects, called biospheres (生物圈) , hold plants such as beans and strae up uch,” Luca said.
According to Luca, the sea is a good place to groperatures remain stable, changing little from day to night. The biospheres act like greenhouses. Inside the air-filled biospheres, fresh ent to gros that can knock domer.”
Luca hopes Nemo’s Garden any developing countries, bad conditions make it difficult for crops to groo’s Garden has achieved success and is moving to different areas. “We’re going to try groany possibilities.”
根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。
( )1. Nemo’s Garden is a project to ______.
A. do scuba diving in the sea B. stop storms in the sea
C. make fresh the sea D. gro the _______ part of a neany
September is also a great month for ber) is one of the biggest festivals, illion visitors. At the festival, you can taste over 250 kinds of the area. If you prefer beer to ous Munich Oktoberfest, ber and continues until 7th October.

( )3. What can illion visitors come to Munich Oktoberfest.
D. People can taste over 250 kinds of any, teachers and students’ relationship is more formal than you might be used to. Teachers are respected and students must use the formal “Sie (德语:您)” eans ______ in Chinese.
A. 平衡的 B. 正常的 C. 稳定的 D. 合适的

 

 


C
Rachel Carson’s most famous book, Silent Spring came out in 1962. In this book, she pointed out that the use of some kinds of pesticides (杀虫剂) like DDT ber of birds to decline because it as ber 1969, the United States government decided that the use of DDT must be stopped in teaning of the unerated” in the passage means “_______”.
A. trained B. praised C. accepted D. paid
E
Skin (皮肤) covers our bodies. Every time ove, our skin moves, too. Try this: Pull up the skin from the back of your hand and then let it go. What happens? The skin goes back to its first positon. That means that skin is elastic—ove it and pull it but it aleaning of the underlined ove around or turn around.
B. Able to become softer or harder e thick or thin, but can’t go back.
D. Able to become larger and then go back to its usual size.

三、逻辑推理题
A
Bags of Love
Last year, I iddle school near my mother’s house, and I stayed onth. During that time, I helped her do some housee food.
After the first y mum. To my surprise, I found that she e of the food into a paper bag and go out orning. And finally, I decided to folloe talking and playing .
One day, I talked to a neighbor and found out that my mum other. Then it hit me—e about it? Was she y mum got home, I gave her a big hug (拥抱). I told her she didn’t need to keep it a secret from me. And she told me something about the children. Some of them lived all house. Others slept on the street. For years, she food. After she told me everything, I oved by hoy mum.
I continued to buy food for my mum after that. But I alore bag for her other children.
( )1. The ore bag of food to _______.
A. make friends his mother
C. become ation
Dates:30th July — 8th August
Mon — Fri 10am, 7pm
Sat — Sun 10am, 2pm, 7pm
Venue:Esplanade Theatre
Duration:1.5 hours
Ticket prices:$25 per child or adult (day shoily Packages:
$85 for 4 tickets (10am, 2pm sho shoer Policy:
Please arrive early. Latecomers embers, children beloily of four go to the theatre in the evening, they have to pay at least ______ dollars for the tickets.
A. 85 B. 100C. 120D. 140
C
Off the Beaten Cart Path
The best-selling travel book aps. It includes over 1,000 of the United States most must-see destinations (目的地).
Cover Price: $30.00 Our Price: $19.80
Parents
The most popular magazine for parents art and loving children. It has child development guidance, advice on your child’s health and safety, and the best 80 special ideas to create an unusual living space. They are practical, as prove your home and yard and can be made on ost important of all, they are easy to folloagazine before you go to the stores. What makes Lucky really special is that it gives you the information you need before anyone else has it.
Cover Price: $18.50 Our Price: $15.50

( )3. What do you think the passage is?
A. An advertisement.
B. A notice.
C. A story.
D. A report.

 


四、主旨大意题
A (文章同细节理解题A篇)
( )1. The best title for this passage is _______.
A. Gardens in the sea B. Projects for summer activities
C. Plants in greenhouses D. Conditions for crop groore fires to burn naturally. Sometimes, firefighters even start fires to get rid of (去除) dead ay let it burn naturally.

( )2. What is the main idea of Paragraph 4?
A. Fires are serious threats to human beings.
B. Australian firefighters don’t put out fires.
C. Fires can play an important role in forests.
D. It’s difficult for firefighters to control the fires.

C
Making a good job choice is almost as good as choosing a good life. So, choosing a job is one of the most important decisions to make in life.
For my job, there are three important things that I ust ost important to me. Someone once said if you find a job that you enjoy, then you ore creative. I ost valuable member there. All this is possible only if I like y ust lead me to solve some nes. I e area for a long time. In order for this to happen, the ust provide enough problems. More than just aking a difference and trying my best for the unerated for my hard fortable life oney. Then I can provide the best for my family.
The third important thing is that I y mind is in fields such as the army, training or management. In such areas, I can help to develop the abilities of others and bring out their best. It ost satisfying job to help young people to become the best that they can be. When I become old, I e better persons through my ake a choice of a job suddenly or quickly. He should decide aking a job choice. A good choice ost probably lead to a better life.

( )3. What is the best title for the passage?
A. My Job Choice
B. My Favorite Job
C. My Comfortable Life
D. My Sense of Satisfaction



【精讲精练】
A
Why are your study habits different from those of your friends? Why do you seem to learn faster in some classes ore sloay not kno to easily remember information from pictures, graphs (图表) and videos, you are probably a visual learner. You’re not good at copying doind. You can dra to easily remember things by hearing them, then you are probably an auditory learner. You must listen carefully etimes you may find that taking notes stops you from listening carefully. After class, you can ember or borro to learn best by ake you pay close attention to information as you receive it. Of course, you can learn best by making full use of labs or other class activities.
Hope you learn better by knoember the ight be a/an _______ according to the passage.
A. auditory learnerB. visual learner C. strange leanerD. usual learner
( )3. Kinesthetic learners learn best by _______.
A. remembering information from videos
B. listening to teachers in class
C. draay be “_______”.
A. Study HabitsB. Ways to Study
C. Learning TypesD. Reasons to Learn
B
Neore people believe that technologies are great for learning. Today, such teaching tools as iPads are used in a lot of courses, including language, history and science.
Many teachers are supporters of using iPads in language learning. They say that students nouch more time for discussion in the classroom. Instead of spending valuable class time listening to texts or e to class prepared for discussion.
The teachers also say that iPads alloe students might listen to a dialogue only once and understand it, so they can save time for doing other things. Other students, hoight need to listen to the same dialogue again and again to understand it. Using iPads is especially helpful to students e courses are also happy. They believe that using iPads is a more enjoyable ovies). The class has become much more interesting and creative.
There are other advantages for students. By using iPads, they can pay more attention to the material and learn more. Teaching notes are stored in their iPads and are easy to find. Some students spend more time studying noy language material or e,” a student explained.
Many adults complain that technologies such as iPads are doing harm to students. They ight use iPads to do to cheat during exams. Some believe that iPads may separate students from each other. If a student spends more time munication ost students’ day-to-day lives. As for cheating, teachers can ask students to hand in their iPads s. Education needs to make changes es as technology is playing an important part. We should look for.

( )5. What does the expression “at their oean?
A. According to their oetable. B. Without their teachers’ help.
C. Because of their the passage ore fun from learning e cheating in exams
( )7. The results depend a lot on ne

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